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Education & Skills

Professional education

Enrollment in professional education has risen constantly, which translates to a shorter transit from the classroom to the workplace.

At the end of 2016 a total of 178.1 thou pupils were enrolled in a form of professional education, an increase with 86.3 thou pupils compared to 2011 (+ 94%). Finally, smaller increases were observed regarding special post-secondary schools and special post-secondary schools – cycle 2.

In school/academic year 2016‐2017 vocational education was graduated by 10.5 thou pupils. Post‐secondary and foremen education was graduated by 34.1 thou pupils. As against the previous school/academic year 2016‐2017, vocational education was the sole level registering an increase with 15.7 thou pupils, totaled 84.4 thou pupils (+22.92%).

Professional education (thousand persons)

Source: National Institute of Statistics

University education

In tertiary education, 538.9 thou students/course attendees were enrolled in the academic year 2016‐2017. The most attractive fields of study in tertiary education were: business, administration and law (23.8% of total number of students/course attendees), and engineering, processing and construction (21.0% of total students/course attendees), respectively.

Students and course atendees enrolled in tertiary education by levels of education in 2016
Students and course atendees enrolled in tertiary education by levels of education in 2016
Number of students by field of education 2016 (thousand persons)

Source: National Institute of Statistics

Number of degree graduates

In the academic year 2016‐2017, tertiary education degree graduates counted for 121.3 thou students. Most of the tertiary education degree graduates came from business, administration and law faculties (27.7%), engineering, processing and construction (18.2%), health and social assistance (11.6%).

Number of degree graduates, by levels of education at the end of the academic year 2015-2016

Source: National Institute of Statistics

Number of degree graduates, by field of education at the end of the academic year 2015-2016

Source: National Institute of Statistics

Employee specialization by main economic sectors

Romanian employees are mainly specialized in the Industry sector, about 27,9% of total employees working in this sector. At the same time, the Services sector hires about 40.2% of employees, coming in second place in the hierarchy regarding employees’ specialization.

The third most important sector in terms of Romanian employee specialization is wholesale and retail trade – including the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, with 17.4% of employees.

Employees at 31 December 2016 by economic activities

Source: National Institute of Statistics

Specialisation of employees in manufacturing sector (no. of employees)

Note:

Services include: transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities, information and communication, financial and insurance activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, administrative and support service activities, education, human health and social work activities, arts, entertainment and recreation, other service activities.